The municipality of Libungan is located on the North-Western portion of the Province of Cotabato. It is bounded on the North by the Municipality of Alamada; on the South by the Municipalities of Midsayap and Kabuntalan (Maguindanao Province); on the East by the Municipality of Carmen and Aleosan and by the Municipality of Pigcawayan on the West.

It is at grid coordinates 124 degrees, 31 minutes latitude and 7 degrees 15 minutes’ longitude. It is approximately 40 kilometers from Cotabato City and about 70 kilometers from Kidapawan City. The Poblacion is 7 kilometers from the Municipality of Midsayap, the mother Municipality.

The Quezon Mac Arthur Highway (Cotabato-Davao-Road) and Libungan-Alamada-Bukidnon Road made Libungan accessible from Davao and Cotabato City and Bukidnon. Libungan is also at the heart of the PPALMA Alliance.