Libungan is a 2nd class municipality located on the central part of the first congressional district of North Cotabato Province. It is bounded on the north by the town of Alamada, on the east by the towns of Carmen and Aleosan, on the south by the town of Midsayap and the Province of Maguindanao, and on the west by the town of Pigcawayan.
It has a total land area of 19,157 hectares and is politically subdivided into 20 barangays. The town hall is located within Barangay Poblacion. The municipality is characterized by varied landscape of flat to scattered hills and mountain ranges such as the Kitubod ranges and Mt. Agkir-Agkir of Demapaco.
Libungan in the early times was called by its early settlers in different terms. Originally it was known by its Manobo settlers as “dadas” meaning road down by the river. Generally, Libungan refers to the river of the place. The Manobo’s called it “Limbungan” meaning cheater because during those early times, the river changed its course damaging crops of the farmers in the area. In that way, they were cheated by the river. From then on, it was called Limbungan. “Tubak” is also one of the ancient names of the place, which refers to an “eroding river”. Old accounts also point to a specie of tree that abound in locality according to old Muslim inhabitants.
HeritageThe main group of immigrants who settled in the place was the Cebuanos from Cebu. They found the place suitable for them because of its terrain. In the early part of 1930’s more immigrants from Luzon and Visayas come to settle here. During the Second World War, Demapaco became the hideouts of the guerrillas while the Libungan River became the battleground. After the liberation in 1945, more settlers came and cleared the forest and fertile lands for cultivation.
In 1955 many of its residents were elected to the Municipal Council of Midsayap. Through their concerted effort, the Municipal Council of Midsayap passed a resolution addressed to the Provincial Government urging the same to cause the passage of an equivalent resolution addressed to the National Government for the creation of the Municipality of Libungan. Luckily, the Municipality of Libungan was eventually established on August 7, 1961. It was created as a regular municipality with 14 barangays pursuant to Executive Order No. 414 dated January 27, 1961. Years later, the number of barangay increased to 32. But in 1969, some of the progressive barangays were merged to become another municipality, the Municipality of Alamada.
The municipality maintained its 19 barangays, part of which are the former barangays of Midsayap, namely Libungan (Poblacion), Barongis, Cabaruyan, Batiocan, Sinawingan, Baguer, Montay and Demapaco. Other barangays that compose the municipality are Abaga, Cabpangi, Grebona, Gumaga, Kapayawi, Kiloyao, Malengen, Sinapangan, Kitubod, Nicaan and Palakat, which later became inactive. Another barangay was created pursuant to Resolution No. 35 dated December 14, 1978; the barangay of Palao and another is Barangay Ulamian thus the number of barangays comprising the municipality became 20.
Libungan started as a 6th class municipality with an initial budget of P29,000.00 and have collected over thirty four thousand (P34,000.00) at the end of the fiscal year. At present it is classified as a 2nd class municipality.
The first appointed Mayor was Mr. Esmeraldo Cedeño (1961-1964). In 1964, the late Pedro Singayao, Sr. a native of Malitubog, an Agriculturist and a product of American Education as pensionado, was elected as mayor (1964-1967). The second mayor elect was the late Pacifico Dela Serna (1967-1971). He was among the early settlers from Cebu. He was succeeded by his wife, Lucila T. Dela Serna.
The socio-economic advancement of this municipality was affected by the destruction of commercial establishment and the local government building, by fire. The former was on January 16, 1979 and the second was on February 17, 1986.
It was barely a week after the destruction of the municipal hall when the historic EDSA revolution which effected the installation of the new government occurred. Reorganization at all levels was effected upon the assumption to duty of the newly installed President, Mrs. Corazon Cojuangco Aquino.
The Municipality was not exempted from the order of reorganizing the local government unit. Hence, then Mayor Lucila T. Dela Serna was replaced by the newly appointed Mayor Atty. Nestor Q. Quintana; a young lawyer- mayor took his turn in steering the development of the municipality. However, Atty. Nestor Q. Quintana was again replaced by Mrs. Leliosa Agravante Villanueva and then later by Mr. Luden A. Laguting as Officer-In-Charge, when Atty. Quintana run for Mayor in the 1988 election.
In 1988, a new elected Mayor, Hon. Manuel T. dela Serna, the scion of the former dela Serna Mayors was brought into Office. Unfortunately, Mayor Manuel dela Serna was replaced by his vice-mayor, the young and eloquent Manobo Joel D. Humabad, Sr., during the election of 1992. Mayor Humabad held two terms of office because in the May 1998 election he was in turn defeated by his former vice-mayor, the young and charismatic Hon. Ronaldo B. Pader, MD. Mayor Pader held the leadership mantle for 3 terms of office equivalent to 9 years. In the 2007 election, Hon. Manuel T. Dela Serna who held 3 terms of office as Board Member (1998-2007) was able to capture the Mayorship against 3 opponents. In the just concluded May 2010 automated elections, Mayor Manuel T. Dela Serna got landslide victory against a former municipal councilor. In the 2013 election, Mayor Manuel “Maning” T. dela Serna was unopposed and it is his last term of office. In the 2016 election, a former member of the Sangguniang Bayan and a businessman in the person of Christopher M. Cuan was catapulted to the Mayorship.
- Date of Creation: Executive Order No. 414 / January 27, 1968
- Income Class: 2nd Class
- Population (2010): 45,295
- Registered Voters (2018 Feb): 29,504
- Number of Barangays: 20
- Congressional District: 1st District
- Land Area (2010): 19,157 hectares
- Number of Households (2015 LGU-CBMS): 10,288
- Climate: Type 4
- Annual Income (2016): Php122,264,171.89
- Population Growth Rate: 1.09%
- Major Crops: Rice, Corn, Coconut and Banana
- Major Dialects Spoken: Cebuano, Hiligaynon, Ilocano and Manobo
- Major Festivals: Katambolit Festival, Samayaan Aroman Manobo Festival and Christmas Village
Based on the 2010 Census of National Statistics Office (NSO), Libungan had a total population of 45,295 slightly dominated by the male population. Per age grouping, 48% belong to the school going age population, 60% are along the working age population while 38% are dependent population. Generally, the male population had slight domination of at least 2% against the female population.
Moreover, in terms of population density, Abaga & Poblacion are more populated than the other barangays with 8 persons per hectare for Abaga and 33 for Poblacion while the average for the municipality is 2 persons per hectare.
There was an increase in population but the corresponding urban population growth decreased by 94 in 2010 compared with 2000. One reason might be that some households formerly residing in the public market that were affected by the improvement of the public market have relocated in other barangays of the municipality.
Historically, the population had consistently increased in the year 1990 having the highest increase in population with 11,670. The LGU now is optimistic that through its rural accessibility projects population and economic activities in the barangays will increase.
For the past 5 years, the municipality had decreasing birth rates and very low average death rates. The Local Health Office might have succeeded in its campaign on birth control and family planning services in the barangays. The decreasing birth rate was a verification to the decreasing population growth. Literacy rate in the municipality was generally high at 94.30%. It may be attributed to the existence of an elementary school per barangay; an annex elementary school in far flung sitios and the on-going establishment of four (4) more high schools in strategic barangays to cater more high school students. The LGU in fact have an on-going scholarship program dubbed ARAL covering elementary, high school, vocational and college students. The LGU hopes to cover at least 100% 6th grade school participation rate in the near future.
The total population of 15,543 or 57.63% of the total labor force are economically active while 10,020 or 37.15% are not in the labor force and 5.22% are unemployed. The male population had the most number in the labor force with 52.00% share , likewise the male population dominated those who are employed at 4% difference.
The total household population of ages 5 years old and above by highest educational attainment and age reached to 40,652. Out of this figure, 100.00% have elementary education, 185.16% got secondary education, 28.72% are college undergraduate, 24.43% are academic degree holders, while 0.60% got Post Baccalaureate. Another 18.55% got pre-school and the remaining 6.08% has not attended school at all.
As to Mother tongue origins, Libunganon, are dominantly Cebuano-speaking people followed by Hiligaynon/Ilonggo’s and Ilocanos. With regards to disability, the MSWDO recorded at least 287 cases dominated by the male population and the primary case is the physical deformity (polio), which totalled to 57 persons.
In terms of religious affiliations, Libunganons are dominantly Catholic adherents comprising about 83.71% of the total household population in 1990, followed by UCCP.
As to Marital Status, most of the Libunganon are legally married followed by those with single civil status, which are primarily under 20 age group. In terms of economic dependency, the ratio is 2:1, meaning there are two (2) employed persons to support one (1) dependent.
Based on 2010 NSO report, the projected population of the municipality for 2013 is 45,759 and 47,178 in 2022 while the projected number of households for 2013 is 10,115 and 10,438 in 2022. The participation rate was used in the projection of municipal population estimates as well as distribution of the population by barangay, school going age, labor force and dependent populations. Up to 2022 however, no rural barangay will have attained the 5,000 population benchmark for urban classification.
Mandate and Main FunctionsRA 7160, SECTION 15. Political and Corporate Nature of Local Government Units. – Every local government unit created or recognized under this Code is a body politic and corporate endowed with powers to be exercised by it in conformity with law. As such, it shall exercise powers as a political subdivision of the national government and as a corporate entity representing the inhabitants of its territory.
RA 7160, SECTION 16. General Welfare. – Every local government unit shall exercise the powers expressly granted, those necessarily implied there from, as well as powers necessary, appropriate, or incidental for its efficient and effective governance, and those which are essential to the promotion of the general welfare. Within their respective territorial jurisdictions, local government units shall ensure and support, among other things, the preservation and enrichment of culture, promote health and safety, enhance the right of the people to a balanced ecology, encourage and support the development of appropriate and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities, improve public morals, enhance economic prosperity and social justice, promote full employment among their residents, maintain peace and order, and preserve the comfort and convenience of their inhabitants
Organizational Aims and ObjectivesMission
“Our mission as Municipal Government being cognizant with sustainable development principles is the judicious utilization of resources to propel local socio-economic advancement.”
“We envision Libungan as an economically viable and agro-industrial developed area, where peaceful and participative community of self-reliant, empowered and God-fearing Libunganon living in a sound environment working in harmony with dedicated, effective and transparent public servants.”
OrganizationMayor’s Office (Hon. Christopher M. Cuan) Contact No.+639177263333
Vice-Mayor’s Office (Hon. Ronaldo B. Pader, MD) Contact No. +639477238734
Honorable Sangguniang Bayan
Sangguniang Bayan Secretary (Jay R. Sanchez) Contact No. +639098997524
Offices Under the Executive Department are the following:
Municipal Administrator Office (Ruben A. Espabo)
Municipal Accounting Office (Elmir S. Lindo, CPA)
Municipal Assessor Office (Herculio B. Elegino, REA, MMPA)
Municipal Planning and Development Office (Renante C. Ponce, EnP, MRDM)
Municipal Agriculture Office (Efren B. Corotan, LAg)
Municipal Engineering Office (Jerry T. Licayan, CE, MMPA)
Municipal Health Office (Herman B. Uson, MD)
Municipal Social Welfare Office (Belen D. Orobia, RSW)
Municipal Economic Enterprise Development Office (Arnold B. Ferenal, MMPA)
Municipal Environment and Natural Resources Office (Arnold B. Ferenal, MMPA)
Municipal Civil Registrar Office (Marilou Q. Fronda, MPA)
Municipal General Services Office (Jenelyn S. Surino)
Municipal Treasury Office (Edgar T. Caballero)
Municipal Budget Office (Elizarda L. Binarao)
Barangay Classification Population Abaga Rural 1,929 Baguer Urban 3,371 Barongis Rural 2,671 Batiocan Rural 1,656 Cabaruyan Rural 3,955 Cabpangi Rural 2,337 Demapaco Rural 1,552 Grebona Rural 1,389 Gumaga Urban 3,795 Kapayawi Rural 1,839 Kiloyao Rural 905 Kitubod Rural 1,926 Malengen Rural 1,272 Montay Rural 2,763 Nica-an Rural 1,845 Palao Rural 1,268 Poblacion Urban 5,588 Sinapangan Rural 1,594 Sinawingan Urban 2,100 Ulamian Rural 1,540
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